Home Arduino Working and Arduino interface of PIR sensor

Working and Arduino interface of PIR sensor

0
Working and Arduino interface of PIR sensor
pir sensor arduino

HC-SR501 PIR (passive infrared sensor) is used to detect motion. This module is cheap and easily available, so we will work with this module on this tutorial. In this article, we will know the working of the PIR sensor and interface it with Arduino.

Working of PIR sensor

PIR sensor is designed to detect infrared radiation emitted by the human body. Whenever a human changes its position within the range it triggers a digital output pin of the module.

A PIR sensor has two main parts, a Pyroelectric sensor covered with a Fresnel lens. The pyroelectric sensor has two rectangular slots with positive and negative electrodes. In ideal conditions, they cancel out each other If one half sees more or less IR radiation than the other, the output will swing high or low.

Pin Out of PIR sensor

PIR module has three output VCC (5v-12v), GND, and output pin. Apart from them, we have two potentiometers one to adjust Sensitivity and the second to Adjust time delay.

Components Required

NameQuantity
Arduino1
HC-SR501 PIR sensor1
Jumper wiresAs per requirements
LED1
220 ohm resistor1
Breadboard1

Connections

VCC of PIR Sensor will connect to Arduino 5v, GND to GND and Output pin will connect to Arduino pin no 8.

Code

int ledPin = 13;                // LED output
int inputPin = 8;               //PIR sensor input
int pirState = LOW;             //assuming no motion detected
int val = 0;                    // variable for reading the pin status
 
void setup() {
  pinMode(ledPin, OUTPUT);      
  pinMode(inputPin, INPUT);    
 
  Serial.begin(9600);
}
 
void loop(){
  val = digitalRead(inputPin);  // read input value and store in val variable
  
  if (val == HIGH)	// check if the input is HIGH
  {            
    digitalWrite(ledPin, HIGH);  // turn LED ON
	
    if (pirState == LOW) 
	{
      Serial.println("Motion detected!");	// print on output change
      pirState = HIGH;
    }
  } 
  else 
  {
    digitalWrite(ledPin, LOW); // turn LED OFF
	
    if (pirState == HIGH)
	{
      Serial.println("Motion ended!");	// print on output change
      pirState = LOW;
    }
  }
}

Code Explnation

Define led pins and input pins.

int ledPin = 13;                // LED output
int inputPin = 8;               //PIR sensor input
int pirState = LOW;             //assuming no motion detected
int val = 0;                    // variable for reading the pin status

Set pin mode as input or output.

 pinMode(ledPin, OUTPUT);      
 pinMode(inputPin, INPUT);    
 
  Serial.begin(9600);

Read PIR sensor status and store it to val variable.

 val = digitalRead(inputPin);  // read input value and store in val variable

In this section we check the val value, If the value is high we turn on the led and serial print motion detected. If the value is low turn off the led and serial print No Motion detected.

 if (val == HIGH)	// check if the input is HIGH
  {            
    digitalWrite(ledPin, HIGH);  // turn LED ON
	
    if (pirState == LOW) 
	{
      Serial.println("Motion detected!");	// print on output change
      pirState = HIGH;
    }
  } 
  else 
  {
    digitalWrite(ledPin, LOW); // turn LED OFF
	
    if (pirState == HIGH)
	{
      Serial.println("No Motion detected");	// print on output change
      pirState = LOW;
    }
  }
}

Things remember when working with HC-SR501 PIR sensor.

  • PIR sensor takes some time to acclimatize with every new enviroment.
  • It detects big bodies so insects or fly not detected by PIR sensor.
  • PIR sensor gives only digital output.

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Newsletter SignupLoving Our Content?

Subscribe to our weekly newsletter below and never miss any update that is most likely to blow your mind.